Small Pox - Symptom, Information, causes, Treatment of Small Pox
Synonyms and related keywords for Small Pox: smallpox , hemorrhagic smallpox, flat smallpox, erythematous exanthem variola , variola major , variola minor , potential biological weapon , cowpox virus , orthopoxvirus genus , alastrim
What is Small Pox?
Small pox is an acute infectious disease which has taken a huge toll of humanity throughout recorded history. It is only recently that Small pox has been wiped out. The orthodox treatment for small pox is mainly preventive. Inoculating everybody has had the effect of pushing the dreaded scouge into the limbo of history. But cases are extant when the disease has been caught by persons inoculated.
Small pox, patients may present with a large variety of symptoms and complaints. Some Small pox symptom are described below -
Small Pox Symptoms -
Sometimes inoculation has had deleterious effect on the health of the person. The onset of the Small pox disease is sudden without any premonitory symptoms. The temperature suddenly shooting upto 104 degreeF or more with shivering; the pulse is rapid, extreme thirst, pain in the back of the neck, intence headache and vomting.
In Small pox. there is an eruption, more serious than of scarlet fever, all over the body. The vesicles resemble blisters which harden and later on fill with pus. They dry up , the scabs fall off but they leave ugly scars on the body. In severe cases the eruption appears also in the eyes, leading to total blindness.
Other Signs and Symptoms of Small Pox -
Smallpox has two forms: 1) Variola major -- which is a serious illness with a mortality rate according to the CDC of 30% or more, in unvaccinated people, and 2) Variola minor -- a milder infection with a mortality rate of less than 1%. The incubation period for smallpox is approximately 12-14 days. The symptoms are:
- High fever
- Rash, raised and pink on the skin, starting centrally and spreading outwards.
- Vomiting and diarrhea
- Excessive bleeding
- Severe headache
What are the causes of Small Pox?
Smallpox was once found throughout the world, causing illness and death wherever it occurred.
The main cause of Small Pox is Variola virus.
Smallpox was primarily a disease of children and young adults, with family members often infecting each other.
Treatment for Small Pox:
There are two sides to the treatment of this dreaded Small Pox disease:
1. Preventive Treatment of Small Pox.
2. Ccurative Treatment of Small Pox .
Preventive Treatment of Small Pox consists in keeping the environment clean and a clean, healthy living according to the principles of naturopathy. If fever of small pox strikes the treatment is the same as in other fevers.
The best way to deal with the eruptions on the body is to keep tham clean; the patient of small-pox should be prevented from scratching himself as he has the temptation to do because of the itch which comes on during the period when the scabs are pitting on the skin may be more pronounced. A little olive oil may be heated and applied with a swab over the scabs. That will not only alleviate the itch but would also help the scabs to fall early.
A small pox patient should be given a cold sponge twice or three times a day. Alternatively, the parts of his body on which there are no vesicles, should be wiped with a piece of cotton-wool dipped in cold water.