Bartholin gland cyst - Chronic Bartholin gland cyst, bartholin cyst gland surgery


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Home :: Womens Disease :: Bartholin gland cyst

Bartholin gland cyst - Chronic Bartholin gland cyst, bartholin cyst gland surgery

What is Bartholin gland cyst?

A Bartholin's gland cyst is a swollen fluid-filled lump that develops from a blockage of one of the Bartholin's glands, which are small glands located on each side of the opening to the vagina. Bartholin gland cyst is can grow from the size of a penny to larger than an orange, although most don't get bigger than a golf ball. The painful ones tend to be infected. A cyst normally does not cause pain , grows slowly, and may go away without treatment.

Bartholin gland cyst facts and information

The Bartholin's gland is one of two small glands on each side of the labia minora, just outside of the opening to the vagina. If infected, a Bartholin's gland cyst can form an abscess that will increase in size over several days and is very painful. An abscess is a primary infection of the gland by pathogenic bacteria. Bartholin's gland cyst develops when the gland becomes blocked.

Symptom of Bartholin gland cyst

  • pain that occurs with walking, sitting, physical activity, or sexual intercourse
  • fever and chills
  • increased swelling in the vulva area over a two- to four-day period
  • swelling
  • tenderness
  • discomfort during sexual intercourse
  • sometimes pain
  • drainage from the cyst, normally occurring four to five days after the swelling starts

Causes of Bartholin gland cyst

A Bartholin's gland cyst occurs if the duct becomes blocked for any reason, such as infection, injury, or chronic inflammation. A cyst normally does not cause pain , grows slowly, and may go away without treatment.

Treatment and Cure of Bartholin gland cyst

When you first notice mild tenderness or a small lump, use warm towel compresses to help to drain the gland and cyst and to prevent infection. If the cyst is not infected, treatment options include:

  • watchful waiting by the woman and her health care professional
  • If you have mild swelling but no cyst or if you have a cyst that is soft, apply warm compresses.
  • soaking of the genital area with warm towel compresses
  • soaking of the genital area in a sitz bath
  • use of non-prescription pain medication to relieve mild discomfort

Sometimes the whole gland needs to be surgically removed, especially if the cyst often comes back. The Bartholin's gland can be removed without damage to that area of the vaginal opening. You can have sexual intercourse without the gland.

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Disclaimer: All information on is for educational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, please consult your doctor.